What is creatine?

What is Creatine? This is an important question to answer since Creatine is one of the most popular and effective supplements on the market.

Creatine is a naturally occurring compound found in muscle cells and it helps increase energy production during physical activity, allowing you to train harder for longer.

The Muscle-Building Supplement That's Taking the Fitness World by Storm.

If you're looking to pack on lean muscle and boost your athletic performance, you've likely heard of creatine. But what exactly is this mysterious substance, and how does it work?

In this post, we'll dive into the science of creatine, demystifying the hype and separating fact from fiction.

So grab a shaker bottle, and let's get pumped up on all things creatine!”

What is Creatine?

Creatine is a naturally occurring compound found in the human body and in certain foods. It's widely used as a dietary supplement to improve athletic performance and increase muscle mass and strength.

Creatine is a nitrogenous organic acid produced in the liver, pancreas, and kidneys. It's made up of three amino acids: glycine, arginine, and methionine.

Studies have shown that Creatine helps increase muscular strength and power during intense exercise by providing extra energy to muscles. It also increases muscle mass and enhances recovery after exercise.

Creatine comes in various forms, including powder, capsules, tablets, liquid, and even energy bars. The most popular form of Creatine is the monohydrate powder.

It's the most studied and researched form of Creatine; therefore it has been proven to be effective for muscle building and performance enhancement.

When taken appropriately, Creatine is a safe and effective supplement for athletes looking to boost performance.

It boosts energy levels, accelerates muscle growth, increases power output, and enhances recovery time. Additionally, it helps in improving cognitive function and reducing fatigue.

However, as with any other supplement, overdosing can lead to negative consequences. Too much Creatine can cause health issues, such as stomach pain, nausea, dehydration, and muscle cramps.

Creatine use is allowed by the International Olympic Committee and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

Hence it is important to follow a balanced diet and exercise regimen alongside taking Creatine for optimal results.

How does Creatine works?

Creatine is stored in the muscles and used as a source of energy during high-intensity, short-duration activities such as weightlifting and sprinting.

By increasing the amount of Creatine stored in the muscles, supplementing with Creatine can improve athletic performance and increase muscle mass and strength.

Where is creatine phosphate found in the body?

creatine - What is creatine? Uses, Side Effects, and More

About 90-95%  of the Creatine in the body is stored in skeletal muscle and is known as creatine phosphate.

This form of Creatine plays an important role in energy production during exercise, providing energy for explosive activities such as sprinting and weightlifting.

How do I take Creatine?

The most common way to supplement with Creatine is to mix it with a liquid such as water or juice and drink it.

It is recommended that you take 5-20 g of Creatine per day in divided doses, depending on your body weight and exercise intensity. It's important to ensure that you are taking the correct amount for your goals.

Creatine should be taken consistently for at least 3-4 weeks before you start to see results. After this period, you may need to increase or reduce your dose depending on how your body responds. You can also cycle Creatine by taking it for 4-6 weeks and then taking a break of 2-4 weeks.

If you are taking Creatine as part of a weightlifting program, it is important to make sure that you are getting enough protein and carbohydrates in your diet.

As Creatine helps to replenish the energy stores in your muscles that are used during exercise, it is essential to ensure they have the necessary fuel to do their job.

A good protein and carbohydrate balance will also help to maximize the effectiveness of the Creatine supplement.

What are the benefits of using Creatine?

Creatine has a number of benefits for athletes, including:

  1. Increased muscle mass and strength: Supplementing with Creatine has been shown to increase muscle mass and strength, particularly in individuals who engage in weightlifting and other strength training activities.
  2. Improved athletic performance: Creatine has been shown to improve athletic performance by increasing the amount of energy available to the muscles during high-intensity, short-duration activities.
  3. Improved cognitive function: Some studies have suggested that Creatine supplementation may improve cognitive function, particularly in individuals with cognitive impairment.
  4. Reduced muscle damage and inflammation: Creatine has been shown to reduce muscle damage and inflammation, which can help speed up recovery after intense physical activity.

How does it affect muscle growth?

Creatine is an incredibly effective supplement for muscle growth, both when taken in the short-term and long term.

Creatine is a molecule found naturally in the body which helps to provide energy for muscles during high-intensity activity.

When supplementing with creatine, additional stores of this molecule become available for use by your body's muscles during those intense workouts. This allows you to train harder and longer, leading to greater gains from each workout session.

Studies have proven that taking creatine can significantly increase lean muscle mass, strength and power Trusted Source – all essential qualities when it comes to bodybuilding and growing stronger muscles.

It’s important to note that not everyone responds positively or experiences these results when opting for a creatine supplementation program; therefore it’s best practice to practice caution before beginning one yourself (with dosage instructions).

Additionally, make sure you're getting enough protein intake in order for optimal uptake of the supplement into your muscle cells – research has suggested between 1–2g/kg per day of dietary protein intake is ideal depending on age & gender.

This will ensure maximum impact from any supplementation program without putting too much strain on your kidneys or digestive system either medically or nutritionally speaking.

What is the best Forms Creatine?

The best form of creatine is the one that suits your individual needs. Creatine is a naturally-occurring amino acid found mainly in animal proteins and available as a dietary supplement.

It’s primarily used by athletes, bodybuilders, and people who wish to gain muscle mass.

Generally speaking, there are three main forms of creatine: monohydrate, ethyl ester (CEE) and creatinine nitrate (CNO). Each form has its own pros and cons – so it’s worth considering which type is right for you before taking any supplementation.

A. Creatine Monohydrate

This is the most popular form of creatine used by those looking to improve their athletic performance or muscle growth. It's cheap and widely available on the market – making it an ideal choice for athletes due to its affordability.

Additionally, studies suggest that this form of creatine can significantly increase strength and enhance exercise performance during high-intensity workouts.

B. Creatine Ethyl Ester

CEE was developed as an alternative formulation to traditional monohydrate; many users claim CEE provides them with better results compared with conventional monohydrate powder due to improved absorption speed within their bodies.

However, more research must be conducted into the potential benefits offered by this type of supplementation in order for us to truly understand if CEE does have advantages over regular monohydrate usage!

C. Creatinine Nitrate

The newest addition on our list – creatinine nitrate is formed from a combination of nitric oxide boosters such as Glycocyamine Nitrate plus some Creatinine molecules which may heighten the bioavailability rate through synergistic effects resulting from both ingredients working together.

It's important however that we need more clinical trials conducted when determining whether or not CNO will deliver expected benefits!

D. Creatine Hydrochloride

Creatine Hydrochloride is a form of Creatine that's combined with hydrochloric acid. It's thought to be more soluble and absorbable than Creatine Monohydrate, but there is limited research on its effectiveness.

E. Buffered Creatine

Buffered Creatine is a form of Creatine that's combined with an alkaline substance to reduce its acidity. It's thought to be gentler on the stomach than Creatine Monohydrate, but there is limited research on its effectiveness.

F. Micronized Creatine

Micronized Creatine is a form of Creatine that's processed to make the particles smaller and easier to dissolve. It's thought to be more easily absorbed than Creatine Monohydrate, but there is limited research on its effectiveness.

Creatine Dosage

Loading phase:

The loading phase is the initial phase of Creatine supplementation and involves taking a higher dose of Creatine for a short period of time to quickly increase the amount stored in the muscles. The recommended dosage for the loading phase is 20-25g of Creatine per day for 5-7 days.

Maintenance phase:

The maintenance phase is the continuation of Creatine supplementation after the loading phase. The recommended dosage for the maintenance phase is 5-10g of Creatine per day.

Timing of Creatine supplementation

It's recommended to take Creatine either before or after a workout. Some individuals prefer to take it before a workout for increased energy and improved athletic performance, while others take it after a workout for improved recovery.

Creatine Cycle Length

Continuous use

Continuous use of Creatine involves supplementing with Creatine every day, indefinitely. This approach is effective for maintaining the benefits of Creatine supplementation, but there is limited research on the long-term effects of continuous use.

Cyclical use

Cyclical use of Creatine involves alternating periods of supplementation with periods of non-supplementation. This approach is thought to minimize the potential for Creatine tolerance or other negative side effects, but there is limited research on its effectiveness.

Precautions and Side Effects


  1. Consult a doctor before supplementing with Creatine if you have any pre-existing health conditions or are taking any medications.
  2. Avoid taking Creatine with caffeine or other stimulants, as this can increase the risk of dehydration and other negative side effects.

Side Effects

There are quite  a few potential side effects associated with Creatine supplementation, including:

  1. Gastrointestinal distress: Some individuals may experience gastrointestinal distress such as bloating, gas, and diarrhoea when supplementing with Creatine.
  2. Dehydration: Creatine can increase water retention in the body, which can lead to dehydration if not compensated for by increasing fluid intake.
  3. Muscle cramping: Some individuals may experience muscle cramping when supplementing with Creatine.
  4. Weight gain: Creatine can cause weight gain due to increased water retention in the body and increased muscle mass.
  5. Liver damage: Creatine supplementation has been associated with an increased risk of liver damage in some individuals.
  6. Kidney damage: Creatine supplementation may increase the risk of kidney damage in individuals with pre-existing kidney problems.

what is creatine good for?

Creatine is a naturally-occurring amino acid found in the body and in foods that helps to increase muscle mass, strength, and recovery from exercise.

It has been extensively researched for its potential health benefits and it's one of the most popular supplements for athletes due to its ability to improve performance.

Creatine is an energy source for muscles; it increases your body’s phosphocreatine levels which leads to greater ATP (adenosine triphosphate) production, resulting in improved power output during intense physical activity. This allows you to train harder for longer periods of time with less fatigue.

It can help build muscle size and strength as well as boost power output under heavy load – making it beneficial both when trying to gain muscle mass or take your gains up a notch.

Research suggests that this supplement can also be beneficial when trying to lose weight by increasing fat-free mass while decreasing body fat percentage likely due to the increased protein synthesis associated with creatine use.

It should be noted that some studies suggest these effects may largely depend on individual genetics so results may vary from person-to-person depending on their physiology.

Additionally, there are several studies demonstrating how this supplement possibly decreases stress levels & improves overall mental well-being through circulating neurotransmitters such as serotonin & dopamine thus contributing towards better sleep quality.

As far as safety goes, creatine has been tested extensively over decades of use without significant adverse side effects occurring— meaning it’s considered safe if used responsibly.

For example, pregnant women should avoid using this dietary supplement since very little research is available regarding any possible complications arising from long-term usage during pregnancy or breastfeeding owing again mostly to lack of data.

However; consult medical experts prior to taking any kind of supplement including Creatines before starting so you know about any potential risks involved given your particular situation!


What is the recommended dosage of creatine?

The standard recommended dose is 3-5 grams per day. Some studies have used higher doses up to 20 grams per day, but there is limited evidence on the safety and effectiveness of these higher doses.

Can creatine be taken with other supplements?

Creatine can be taken with other supplements, but it is important to check for any potential interactions. For example, taking creatine with caffeine or other stimulants may increase the risk of side effects.

Is creatine safe to take?

Creatine is considered safe for most people when taken in recommended doses. However, as with any supplement, there is a risk of side effects, especially when taken in high doses. Some common side effects include bloating, cramping, and diarrhoea.

Who should not take creatine?

Individuals with kidney or liver disease, pregnant women, and children should avoid taking creatine supplements. People with allergies to seafood should also be careful, as some forms of creatine are derived from seafood sources.

Does creatine have any long-term effects?

The long-term effects of creatine supplementation are not well known, as most studies have only lasted a few months. However, some research has suggested that long-term use may lead to kidney damage, although more research is needed to confirm these findings.

Can creatine be detected in a drug test?

Creatine itself is not considered a banned substance by organizations that conduct drug tests. However, some athletes may test positive for banned substances if they are using contaminated creatine supplements. It is important to only use supplements from reputable sources that have been tested for purity.

How much creatine should I take?

The recommended dose of creatine varies depending on a number of factors, such as age, weight, and level of physical activity. A typical dose is between 3-5 grams per day. It is important to follow the instructions on the supplement label and consult with a healthcare professional before taking any new supplement.

Are there any side effects associated with taking creatine?

The most common side effect of taking creatine is an upset stomach or diarrhoea. Other potential side effects include weight gain, increased muscle cramping, and dehydration. It is important to talk to your doctor before starting a new supplement regimen. As with any supplement, it is important to follow the

Is creatine suitable for vegetarians and vegans?

Creatine is not suitable for vegetarians and vegans as it is primarily derived from animal sources, such as red meat and fish. Vegetarian and vegan-friendly alternatives, such as creatine monohydrate made through a microbial fermentation process, are available.

Can creatine help with weight loss?

Creatine may help with weight loss indirectly by improving physical performance, leading to increased calorie burn during exercise. However, it is not a weight loss supplement and should not be relied upon for this purpose. A healthy diet and regular exercise are still essential for achieving and maintaining a healthy weight.

Can women take creatine?

Yes, women can take creatine. There is no evidence to suggest that creatine has different effects in men and women. However, women should follow the same recommendations for dosing and safety as men and consult with a healthcare professional before taking creatine.

Q: How long does it take to see results from taking creatine? A: The amount of time it takes to see results from taking creatine varies from person to person. Some people may see an improvement in physical performance within a few days, while others may take several weeks. The benefits of creatine are typically most noticeable in the first few weeks of use, but continued use over several months may lead to further improvements.

Can I stop taking creatine at any time?

Yes, you can stop taking creatine at any time without any significant side effects. However, if you stop taking creatine, the levels of creatine stored in your muscles will return to normal within a few weeks. It is important to follow a healthy diet and exercise regimen even after discontinuing creatine use to maintain the benefits achieved while taking the supplement.

Is it safe to take creatine while pregnant or breastfeeding?

Creatine should not be taken during pregnancy or while breastfeeding as there is limited research on its safety in these populations. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before taking any supplements, including creatine.

Can creatine cause kidney problems?

There have been some reports of kidney problems in people taking high doses of creatine, but the available evidence suggests that creatine is safe when taken in recommended doses. People with pre-existing kidney problems, or those taking certain medications, should consult with a healthcare professional before taking creatine.

Can creatine cause hair loss?

There is no evidence to suggest that creatine causes hair loss. However, if you experience hair loss while taking creatine, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the cause and rule out any underlying medical conditions.

Can I take creatine with medication?

Creatine may interact with certain medications, including some diuretics and medications used to treat heart and blood conditions. If you are taking any medications, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before taking creatine to ensure that it is safe and to avoid any potential interactions.

Is creatine banned by any sports organizations?

Creatine is not banned by any major sports organizations, including the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). It is considered a safe and legal supplement for athletes to use. However, athletes should check with their sport's governing body and follow any rules and regulations regarding supplement use.

How much creatine should I take per day?

The recommended daily dose of creatine varies depending on factors such as body weight, athletic performance goals, and individual response. The most commonly recommended daily dose is 3-5 grams of creatine monohydrate, taken in divided doses throughout the day. It is important to follow the recommended dosages on the product label and to consult with a healthcare professional before taking creatine.

Can I take too much creatine?

Yes, taking too much creatine can cause side effects such as gastrointestinal discomfort, cramping, and dehydration. It is important to follow the recommended daily dose and not exceed the maximum recommended dose listed on the product label. If you experience any adverse effects, stop taking creatine and consult with a healthcare professional.

Is it better to take creatine before or after a workout?

The timing of creatine supplementation does not appear to have a significant impact on its effectiveness. Some studies suggest that taking creatine before a workout may help improve performance, while others suggest that taking it after a workout may help speed up recovery. The best time to take creatine may depend on individual preferences and schedules.


Creatine is a popular and effective dietary supplement for improving athletic performance and increasing muscle mass and strength. While there are various types of Creatine, Creatine Monohydrate is considered the gold standard and has been extensively studied.

It's important to consult a doctor before supplementing with Creatine and to follow the recommended dosage and cycle length.

With proper use, Creatine can offer numerous benefits, but it's also important to be aware of the potential for side effects and take precautions to minimize risk.